Dassault Aviation unveiled its biggest and most advanced Falcon jet at the annual NBAA business aviation show, staged in Las Vegas in October. The Falcon 5X is a new-generation business jet with new a flight control system, new aerodynamics and other advanced technologies, many pioneered in Dassault’s military programs.
“The Falcon 5X is the new benchmark for the creative use of advanced technology in business aviation,” said Eric Trappier, Chairman and CEO of Dassault Aviation.
“Using design and manufacturing software and systems pioneered by Dassault, we have been able to build a larger, more comfortable and more capable aircraft that is also more environmentally friendly and much more economical to operate compared to other airplanes in its class.
“The Falcon 5X represents our biggest investment since the beginning of the Falcon programs,” said Trappier. “It demonstrates our commitment to maintaining the technology leadership that we have displayed in this market since our first business jet flew fifty years ago.”
50% BETTER ON FUEL
The Falcon 5X has the largest cabin cross section of any purpose-built business jet and fuel efficiency as much as 50 percent better than competing aircraft.
The new jet has a cabin height of 6 feet, 6 inches (1.98 metres), an important consideration for passenger comfort on flights of 10 or 11 hours’ duration. The 16-passenger aircraft has a range of 5,200 nautical miles (9,630 km), connecting Los Angeles with London, Sao Paulo with Chicago, Johannesburg with Geneva or Paris with Beijing.
NEW FLY-BY-WIRE SYSTEM
The new aircraft’s digital flight control system represents a major advance in making aircraft control more precise, easier and safer.
The system integrates all moving control surfaces for the first time, including an additional control surface called a ‘flaperon’, that allows steep approaches at slow and safe speeds.
It also integrates nose wheel steering for safer runway handling in strong crosswind conditions and on wet or slick runways.
Dassault Aviation is a leader in digital flight control technology having pioneered it on fighters four decades ago and having introduced the first business jet with digital flight controls, the Falcon 7X, in 2007.
Honeywell will provide the 5X with a new generation of the Falcon series’ EASy all-digital cockpit, as well as its most advanced radar, capable of detecting turbulence at greater distances than current models.
The cockpit will feature the industry’s most advanced “head-up display” technology, provided by Elbit Systems. The new HUD will combine “enhanced vision” and “synthetic vision” for unsurpassed situational awareness, even in total darkness, fog or dense haze.
Enhanced vision uses infrared sensors to display terrain in darkness and reduced visibility. Synthetic vision uses a global terrain database for the same purpose. In the 5X, they will be combined for the first time on the head-up display providing a high fidelity view of the outside world even when actual visibility is zero.
NEW GENERATION ENGINES
The aircraft will be powered by new-generation Silvercrest engines from Safran Snecma, the French-based engine maker and 50-percent partner with General Electric in CFM, which builds the world’s best selling jet engine, the CFM56.
“The Silvercrest engine is 15 percent more fuel efficient than other engines in its power class; Emissions are dramatically lower than current standards, and the engine is remarkably quiet,” said Trappier.
Dassault Aviation and Snecma worked closely to marry the aircraft and the engine for optimum efficiency and performance. The companies have a long history of close collaboration, Trappier noted. Snecma provides the M88 engines for the supersonic Rafale fighter.
Both aircraft and engines will have the industry’s most advanced real-time self-diagnosis onboard maintenance system. These computerised monitoring systems report service issues immediately to ground-based service hubs, so maintenance teams can begin to respond while the aircraft is still in the air.
Snecma’s ForeVision™ health monitoring system, which equips the Silvercrest, can forecast when maintenance will be required several flights or even hundreds of flight hours in advance, making scheduling easier and ensuring availability of the aircraft when it is needed.
Falcon 5X airframe structures are already in production at several Dassault sites in France and at suppliers’ plants. New, more automated manufacturing technologies and streamlined production processes will reduce parts count and aircraft weight, and speed the assembly process.
To be priced at about $45 million in 2013 dollars, the Falcon 5X is expected to make its first flight in the first quarter of 2015 and to achieve certification before the end of 2016.
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